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Overview of Hurthle cell carcinoma of thyroid

Martin A Korzeniowski ()
Aamer Mahmud ()
Angus Kirby ()
Kurian Joseph ()
Evgeny Sadikov ()
Patricia Tai ()


The clinical behaviour of Hurthle cell carcinoma (HCC) of the thyroid is variable and there are many controversies in the literature. Here, we summarize an up-to-date review of the literature on genetics, diagnosis (ultrasound scan, fine needle aspiration, frozen section, etc.), and management. At presentation, treatment decision should be made by a multidisciplinary board. Recurrent HCCs are seldom curable despite salvage treatments, which include radioactive iodine ablation, radiofrequency ablation, ethanol ablation, external radiotherapy, and systemic therapy. Further research is needed to develop more efficacious systemic treatments. Currently, lenvatinib, sunitinib, and sorafenib are available. The completed and ongoing clinical trials for HCC are summarized.


Hurthle cell; neoplasm; carcinoma; radiotherapy; radioactive iodine; targeted therapy

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