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Fe3O4-based Nanoparticles for pH-responsive Dual-modality Imaging and Photothermal Therapy

Jiang Gu (Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medical Science, Tokyo Medical University, Japan)
Li Fu (University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, Orlando, FI, USA)
Qianz Dong (Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medical Science, Tokyo Medical University, Japan;University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, Orlando, FI, USA)

Abstract


The study designed a polyacrylic acid (PAA) modified Fe3O4@MnO2 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@MnO2@PAA) for T1/T2 dual-mode imaging. In addition, this nano-drug has pH response and anti-tumor photothermal therapy. First, using Fe3O4 as the core can significantly reduce the signal of Fe3O4@MnO2@PAA nanoparticles. MnO2 nanoshells can be decomposed into paramagnetic Mn2+ under the acidic environment in the tumor, which enhanced the T1 signal. The pH-responsive T1/T2 dual-mode magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent had good sensitivity and specificity, providing more comprehensive and detailed information for tumor diagnosis. In addition, Fe3O4@MnO2@PAA nanoparticles showed excellent absorption capacity in the near-infrared region (NIR), which could be used as a good photothermal conversion material to mediate photothermal treatment of tumors. Therefore, the pH-responsive dual-mode MRI nanoparticle-mediated photothermal therapy showed good application potential in tumor treatment and diagnosis.


Keywords


Magnetic resonance imaging; Diagnostic and therapeutic agents; Dual-mode imaging; Photothermal therapy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30564/amor.v5i4.249

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Copyright (c) 2020 Jiang Gu, Li Fu, Qianz Dong

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