Multi-omics approach to infer cancer therapeutic targets on chromosome 20q across tumor types

Antoine M Snijders, Jian-Hua Mao

Abstract


The identification of good targets is a critical step for the development of targeted therapies for cancer treatment. Here, we used a multi-omics approach to delineate potential targets on chromosome 20q, which frequently shows a complex pattern of DNA copy number amplification in many human cancers suggesting the presence of multiple driver genes. By comparing the amounts of individual mRNAs in cancer from 11 different human tissues with those in their corresponding normal tissues, we identified 18 genes that were robustly elevated across human cancers. Moreover, we found that higher expression levels of a majority of these genes were associated with poor prognosis in many human cancer types. Using DNA copy number and expression data for all 18 genes obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas project, we discovered that amplification is a major mechanism driving overexpression of these 18 genes in the majority of human cancers. Our integrated analysis suggests that 18 genes on chromosome 20q might serve as novel potential molecular targets for targeted cancer therapy.

Keywords


Cancer; therapeutic targets; chromosome 20q; omics; bioinformatics

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30564/amor.v2i4.70

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