Simplified Equation Models for Greenhouses Gases Assessment in Road Transport Sector in Burkina Faso

Tiga NEYA (University of Joseph Ki-Zerbo Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso;Ministry of Environment Green Economy and Climate Change Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso;Global Green Growth Institute, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso)
Galine YANON (Global Green Growth Institute, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso)
Mouhamadou Bamba SYLLA (African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kigali, Rwanda)
Oble NEYA (West African Climate Change and Land Use, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso)
Julien W. SAWADOGO (University of Augsburg, Germany)

Abstract


Transport sector is cited among the key emitted sector. In Burkina Faso, road transport occupies more than 60% of the emissions of the entire transport sector. However, there is no model equation for greenhouse gases modelling in transport sector. A methodology combining literature review and survey has been adopted to develop the simplified model equation in transport sector. The vehicle type survey allowed the identification of the type of vehicle and the literature review allowed the identification of the key parameters used for greenhouses gases modelling. The results revealed 10 vehicle types for road transport in Burkina Faso such as: Private cars, Public Transport/Buses, Special Vehicle (Ambulances, Fire bus, Funeral vehicles), other vehicle, Motorcycles, Wheeler, Rail, Van, Lorries and Truck Tractor. The keys parameters for greenhouse gases modelling are Fleet availability, Average annual distance travelled, Fuel Economy and Fuel emission factor. For all vehicle type identified simplified model equation was developed to support Burkina Faso, assessing greenhouse gases emission in the sector of transport. This approach could be replicated in other countries in the sub-Saharan Region.


Keywords


GHG emission; Transport sector; Modelling

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jasr.v4i4.3758

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