Analysis of Groundwater Quality in Jabal Sarage and Charikar Districts, Parwan, Afghanistan

Hafizullah Rasouli (Department of Geology, Geoscience Faculty, Kabul University, Jamal Mina 1006, Kabul, Afghanistan)


This groundwater research is carried out groundwater quality in Jabal Sarage and Charikar Districts. The main objective of this research is to find out natural causes of drinking water contaminations (toxic elements and components), that are leaching from soluble arrangement of rocks,sediments and soil by surface water at the infiltration time, toward the groundwater. For completion this research I used two categories of water analysis; one is areal analysis, and another is laboratory analysis. In areal analysis ten wells have been recovered by this research in Jabal Sarage and Charikar Distracts, a number of Electro-Conductivity, water temperature,dissolved oxygen in water, Total Dissolved Soled (TDS) and the Resolved Salt in Water (SSW), determination Partible ground at areal complete. For laboratory works I used chemical device of Spectra- photo model. From comparing mean of chemical and physical parameters with standards.pH, K, Na, Mg, Cl, Fe, F, TH, Ca and SO4 all are normal and we can use them for drinking and irrigation waters. The challenges that I faced during this research are; absence of research in this area and lack of geological equipment’s.


Groundwater; Water quality; Total Dissolved Soled (TDS); Solved Salt in Water (SSW)

Full Text:



[1] Banks et al. (2014). Hydrogeological Atlas of Faryab Province, Northern Afghanistan. Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation &Development, Kabul.

[2] Banks, David, and Soldal, Oddmund, (2002). Towards a policy for sustainable use of Groundwater by non-governmental organizations in Afghanistan:Hydrogeology Journal, v. 10, no. 3, p. 377.

[3] Broshears, R.E., Akbari, M.A., Chornack, M.P.,Mueller, D.K., and Ruddy, B.C. (2005). Inventory of ground-water resources in the Kabul Basin, Afghanistan: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5090, 34 p.

[4] Bohannon, R.G., (2005). Geologic map of quadrangle 3468, Chak-e-Wardak (509) and Kabul (510) quadrangles: Afghan Open-File Report (509/510) 2005-1001.

[5] Bohannon, R.G., and Turner, K.J., (2007). Geologic map of quadrangle 3468, Chak Wardak-Syahgerd (509) and Kabul (510) quadrangles, Afghanistan: U.S.Geological Survey. Open-File Report 2005–1107–A.1 sheet.

[6] Böckh, E.G., (1971). Report on the groundwater resources of the city of Kabul, report for Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe BGR file number 0021016, 43 p.

[7] Dojlido, J. R., and G. A. Best. (1993). Hydrochemistry of Water and Water Pollution”. Ellis Harwood,New York, 363 pp.

[8] Hessami, E. B. (2017). Afghanistan‘s Water Plans Complicated by Worried Neighbors, New Secur. Beat [online] Available from: (Accessed 26 January 2019).

[9] Houben. George. Tunnermeier. Torg. (2003). Hydrogeology of Kabul Basin Part 1 (BGR). Kabul. Afghanistan5pp, 14pp.

[10] Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA),(2007a). The study on groundwater resources Potential in Kabul Basin in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: 3rd Joint Technical Committee, Sanyu Consultants, Inc., Kabul, Afghanistan.

[11] Jain, R. (2018). In Parched Afghanistan, Drought Sharpens Water Dispute With Iran, US News World Rep.[online] Available from: Afghanistan-drought-sharpens-water-dispute-with-iran (Accessed 26 January 2019.

[12] Belhassan, K. (2020). Hydrogeology of the Ribaa-Bittit springs in the Mikkes Basin (Morocco). International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Science 9 (1): 07-15, 2020 ISSN 2311-2492,© IDOSI Publications, 2020.DOI: 10.5829/idosi.ijwres. 2020.9.1.14537.

[13] Belhassan, K. (2020). Relationship between River and Groundwater: Water table Piezometery of the Mikkes Basin (Morocco. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Science 9 (1):01-06, 2020 ISSN 2311-2492, © IDOSI Publications,2020.DOI: 10.5829/idosi.ijwres.2020.9.1.14536.

[14] Belhassan, K. (2011). Hydro-geological Context of Groundwater Mikkes and different variations of Its springs flow (Morocco). Research Journal of Earth Science 3 (1): 15-26, 2011, ISSN 1995-9044, © IDOSI Publications, 2011.

[15] Belhassan, K. (2011). Relationship flow-Rainfall in the stream Mikkes (Morocco). Research Journal of Earth Science 3 (1): 39-44, 2011, ISSN 1995-9044,© IDOSI Publications, 2011.

[16] Matthew King and Benjamin Sturtewagen. (2010).Making the Most of Afghanistan’s River Basins, Opportunities for Regional Cooperation, The East West Institute,11 East 26th Street, 20th Floor, New York,NY 10010, U.S.A. 1-212-824-4100. PP, 1-13.

[17] Myslil, Vlastimil, Eqrar, M. Naim, and Hafisi, M.,(1982). Hydrogeology of Kabul Basin Translated from Russian): sponsored by the United Nations Children’s Fund and the Ministry of Water and Power, Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.

[18] Proctor & Redfern International Limited (1972).Water supply, sewerage, drainage and solid waste Systems for Greater Kabul - Joint Interim Master Plan.- Report on behalf of the Royal Government of Afghanistan, WHO, UNDP.- Toronto. BGR-ArchivNr. 0030084.

[19] Rasouli, H. and Safi, A. G. (2021). Geological, Soil and Sediment Studies in Chelsaton Sedimentary Basin, Kabul, Afghanistan. International Journal of Geosciences, 12, 170-193.

[20] Rasouli H. Sarwari, M. H., Khairuddin R., Said A. H.(2020). Geological Study of Tangi Mahipar Mountain Range along Kabul Jalalabad road, Afghanistan

[21] Rasouli H. (2020). Application of soil physical and chemical parameters and its Comparing in Kabul sedimentary basins, Kabul, Afghanistan

[22] Rasouli H., (2020). WELL DESIGN AND STRATIGRAPHY OF SHEERKHANA DEEP WELL IN CHAK DISTRICT, WARDAK, AFGHANISTAN.International Journal of Geology, Earth &Environmental Sciences ISSN: 2277-2081, and Open Access,Online International Journal Available at (2) May-August,pp.54-68/Rasouli.

[23] Rasouli H., (2017). THE WAYS OF ACID ACCUMULATION IN KABUL BASIN SOILS AND ITSEFFECTS ON ANIMALS AND PLANTS,KABUL, AFGHANISTAN. International Journal of Geology, Earth & Environmental Sciences ISSN:2277-2081, and Open Access, Online International Journal Available at 2020Vol.10 (2) May-August, pp.44-53/Rasouli.

[24] Rasouli H., (2019). A STUDY ON SOME RIVER SEDIMENTS, HYDROLOGY AND GEOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS IN CHAK SEDIMENTARY BASIN, WARDAK,AFGHANISTAN. International Journal of Geology, Earth & Environmental Sciences, ISSN: 2277-2081, and Open Access, Online International Journal Available at Vol.9 (2) May-August, pp.49-61/Rasouli.

[25] Rasouli, H. Kayastha, R. B., Bikas, C. B., Ahuti S.,Arian, H. and Armstrong, R. (2015).Estimation of Discharge From Upper Kabul River Basin, Afghanistan Using the Snowmelt Runoff Model. Journal of Hydrology and Meteorology, 9, 85-94.

[26] Robert E. Broshears, M. Amin Akbari, Michael P.Chornack, David K. Mueller, and Barbara C.Ruddy. (2005). Inventory of GroundWater Resources in the Kabul Basin, Afghanistan Scientific, For More information about the USGS and its products:1-888-ASK-USGS World Wide Web:

[27] Shahid Ahmad, (2010). TOWARDS KABUL WATER TREATY: MANAGING SHARED WATER RESOURCES-POLICY ISSUES AND OPTIONS,International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. PP 1-11.

[28] Thamas Himmelsbach, (2003). Hydrogeology of the Kabul basin part III: Modeling approach,Conceptual and numerical ground water models, Foreign office of the Federal Republic of Germany (AA-Gz: GF07 385.28/3 16/03. P 15-50.

[29] Torge, T., Georg, H., and Thomas, H. (2003). Hydrogeology of the Kabul Basin Part I: Geology, aquifer characteristics, climate and hydrography. Foreign office of the Federal Republic of Germany.BGR record no.: 200310277/05.

[30] WHO, (2011). Arsenic in drinking-water. Background document for development of WHO guidelines. For drinking-water quality. WHO, Geneva.

[31] WHO, (2010). Preventing disease through healthy environments. Exposure to arsenic: a major public Health concern. WHO, Geneva.

[32] WHO, (2009). WHO Handbook on Indoor Radon:A Public. Health Perspective (Geneva,Switzerland:World Health Organization).

[33] WHO, (2011). Uranium in drinking-water. Background document, for development of WHO guidelines for drinking-water quality. WHO, Geneva.

[34] WHO, (2003). Zinc in drinking-water. Background document for, development of WHO. WHO, Geneva.



  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2021 Hafizullah Rasouli

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.