A Review of Tidal and Wave Energy in Southern Waters of Iran

Soudeh Afsharian (Lassonde School of Engineering, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
Bahareh Afsharian (School of Engineering, Electronic Department, Azad University, Tehran, Iran)
Maryam Shiea (Captain climate Co., Mashhad, Iran)

Article ID: 1761


This paper discussed the historical review and current status of tidal current energy, problems, and challenges in this energy commercialization. Fossil fuels are nonreplicable and also have negative greenhouse effects on the environment, so the world needs new and sustainable energy resources such as the ocean, wind, solar, biofuels, etc. This review paper focused on the initiative tidal current energy technology and efforts in the development of such energy to extract power from. Iran’s southern waters have been selected in this review. Some former projects and studies, current status, and impact of the tidal current and wave energy on the environment and aquatic life are discussed. Also, the limitations, challenges, and problems in the way of using this energy and infrastructure to transfer the generated power such as grid connections are proposed. It is decided that Chabahar, Bushehr, and Khowr-Moussa are the best locations for harnessing tides and wave energy. This study is among the first review of works done in the aspect of the tidal current energy in Iran and the results will help the investors, policymakers, companies, and researchers to have access to a comprehensive list of up-to-date studies and statistics to better understand the current situation to secure the projects in this field.


Tidal Energy; Iranian Waters; Sustainable; Greenhouse Effect; Policy-makers

Full Text:



[1] Gorji-Bandpy, Mofid & Azimi, Mohammadreza & Jouya, Mohsen. Tidal Energy and Main Resources in the Persian Gulf. Distributed Generation & Alternative Energy Journal, 2013, 28: 61-77.

[2] DOI: 10.1080/21563306.2013.10677551

[3] Saket, Arvin, Etemad-Shahidi, A. Wave energy potential along the northern coasts of the Gulf of Oman, Iran. Renewable Energy. Renewable Energy, 2012, 40: 90-7.

[4] DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2011.09.024

[5] Mardani, Ramin. Study On Wave Energy in Chabahar, Iran. Conference paper ISME. 22nd International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, Iran, 2014.

[6] Akhyani, Mahmood, Chegini, Vahid & Bidokhti, A.A. An appraisal of the power density of current profile in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman using numerical simulation. Renewable Energy, 2015, 74: 307-317. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2014.08.015

[7] Kamranzad, Bahareh & Chegini, Vahid, Etemad-Shahidi, A. Temporal-spatial variation of wave energy and nearshore hotspots in the Gulf of Oman based on locally generated wind waves. Renewable Energy, 2016, 94: 341-352.

[8] DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2016.03.084

[9] Khojasteh, Danial, Khojasteh, Davood, Kamali, R., Beyene, Asfaw, Iglesias, Gregorio. Assessment of renewable energy resources in Iran; with a focus on wave and tidal energy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017, 81.

[10] DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.06.110

[11] Pasha Zanous, Sina, Shafaghat, Rouzbeh, Alamian, Rezvan, Shadloo, M. S., Khosravi, Mohammad. Feasibility study of wave energy harvesting along the southern coast and islands of Iran. Renewable Energy, 2018, 135.

[12] DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2018.12.027

[13] Etemad-Shahidi, A., Kamranzad, Bahareh. Wave energy estimation in the Persian Gulf, 2011.

[14] DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1089.6805

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jms.v2i3.1761


  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2020 Soudeh Afsharian, Bahareh Afsharian, Maryam Shiea

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.