Six Thallus Surface Types of Coralline Algae with Descriptions of Two New Records of Amphiroa beauvoisii and Neogoniolithon setchellii in Sanya reef, China

Xinming Lei (Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China; Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou, 510301, China)
Lei Jiang (Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China; Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China)
Youfang Sun (Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China; Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China)
Yuyang Zhang (Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China; Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China)
Guowei Zhou (Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China; Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou, 510301, China; Tropical Marine Biological Research Station in Hainan, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Sanya, 572000, China)
Jianhui Yang (Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China)
Jiansheng Lian (Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China; Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China)
Hui Huang (Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, China; Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou, 510301, China; Tropical Marine Biological Research Station in Hainan, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Sanya, 572000, China)

Article ID: 1822

Abstract


Coralline algae are globally distributed calcifying species and play critical ecological roles to marine ecosystems by contributing significantly to their structural complexity and diversity. Thallus surface types of historical samples in Sanya coral reef reserve were studied based on the scanning electron microscope (SEM) method. Our results show six thallus surface types within the study area: Corallina-type, Jania-type, Leptophytum-type, Phymatolithon-type, Pneophyllum-type, and Spongites-type. The Phymatolithon-type is the dominant surface type in Sanya reefs. Two new record species in the region are described: Amphiroa beauvoisii and Neogoniolithon setchellii. Although thallus surface types provide useful diagnostics characters for distinguishing coralline algae at tribe or subfamily level, species identification needs to refer to the reproductive features. This is the first surface study of coralline algae in the South China Sea. This result provides the baseline data needed for the monitoring and management of reef-building organisms of coral reef in China.


Keywords


Thallus surface type; Coralline algae; New records; Sanya reefs

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jms.v2i2.1822

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