Comparison of locomotion problems and its economic impact on Cobb and Ross broiler strains

José Alfredo Villagómez-Cortés (University of Veracruz)
Blanca Leydi Guevara-Torres (Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Veracruzana, Veracruz)
Luis Antonio Landin-Grandvallet (Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Veracruzana, Veracruz)
Alberto Tirado-Madrid (Productos Agrícolas y Pecuarios de Neria, Super Pollo, Fortín)

Article ID: 4126

Abstract


The rapid weight gain and fast muscle growth due to intense genetic selection and improved nutrition for additional breast muscle in broiler commercial strains affect chickens health. In order to compare the main locomotive problems in broilers of Cobb and Ross strains, two pens from a commercial farm in Veracruz, Mexico were used. The first pen housed 16,500 males and 16,500 females of Cobb strain and the second one 16,500 males and 16,500 females of Ross strain. Chicks were checked for locomotion problems from day one until their sale. Animals with problems were recorded and necropsies were performed to identify the pathology. Out of 1406 animals with locomotive problems (2.13% of the total), 58.9% were Cobb and 41.1% Ross (P <0.05). The frequency of locomotive problems was 2.51% for Cobb and 1.75% for Ross. Most common individual lesions were osteochondrosis (38.61%), inflamed joints with purulent contents (37.13%), and valgus (19.65%). Locomotive problems appeared since the first week, but its number increased as birds gained weight, particularly from the fourth week on. Problems occurred more in males than in females and in Cobb birds than in the Ross strain. Economic loss due to locomotion problems was higher for the Cobb strain.


Keywords


animal welfare; bone symmetry; cost of disease; femoral degeneration; genetics; poultry health;

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/vsr.v3i2.4126

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